Evolution of BioHacking.
Biohacking is sort of citizen biology done in small and independent labs. People modify plant DNA to impact growth or genetic material to enhance it. It is all about improving biological entities like we upgrade our computers. Humans are implanting technologies in their bodies for medical reasons like pacemakers, insulin pumps etc. Now a days they are also upgrading their bodies to meet technological needs. In future we will be completely dependent on technology with very little human interruptions. Smart phones usage, credit card swipes might be replaced by just one chip embedded under the human skin.
We live in a world dominated by digital technology. Every aspect of life is controlled by computers and mobile devices. In the health sector, technological developments have given us fitness products such as the Fitbit tracker, which uses wireless-enabled technology to monitor a user’s fitness activity, hearts and liver tissues which could be used to replace or repair damaged organs. Biohacking involves wide spectrum of practices ranging from designing and installing chip implants in body to any advanced technique that uses science and technology to improve human output and performance. Biohacking venues are exploding around the world, giving people chance to explore their world in biological way. The word “hack” is always a threatening, illegal thing. But now a days we’re developing ways to biohack not just plants but people.
Biohacking involves implanting smart chips to identify and authenticate individuals, tasks and services. Identification will include activities like accessing buildings, activating mobile devices, controlling room temperature and authentication can be used for authenticating a bank transaction, part of a two factor authentication replacing smartphone PIN codes, activity logging and health monitoring.
There are a plethora of problems associated with biohacking.
- Anything from the needle to the physical object being implanted has a chance of being unsanitary, which could lead to infection.
- Not knowing your own body could cause you to accidentally graze an artery with a scalpel or cut a nerve in your hand.
Government has paid very little attention to regulating individuals. Biohacking has some security issues that need to be considered. Implant technology has a well-proven role in the medical field, but the medical industry faces vulnerability from lack of cyber security practices among medical device makers and health-care facilities. The advent of the Internet of Things will play a key role in Cyber Security. RFID or NFC implantable chips should be extensively tested for Security and vulnerability related risks. Weak passwords, out-of-date software, poorly-protected Internet connections, and untested patches can make it easy for a hacker to plug into a hospital network and attack vulnerable systems. If a hospital’s network or software security is compromised, life-saving technology could become life-threatening.
The manufacturing of viruses can lead to multitude of dangers, Accidents, environmental contamination etc. The risk is to biosecurity. When interrogated about these risks, the biohacker community informed that the risks associated with DIY biology are minimal because they don’t use dangerous products and have established a code of ethics.